The objective of this study is to compare the efficacy and safety of MACI® vs arthroscopic microfracture in the treatment of patients aged 10 to 17 years with symptomatic articular chondral or osteochondral defects of the knee.



Eligible Ages
Between 10 Years and 17 Years
Eligible Genders
Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Inclusion Criteria

  • Symptomatic cartilage or osteochondral defects as a result of acute trauma or Osteochondritis Dissecans (OCD)
  • One or more International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) Grade III or IV chondral or unsalvageable osteochondral defects located on the femoral condyles and/or trochlea amenable to treatment with the surgical procedure determined at randomization (MACI or microfracture).
  • At least 1 defect size ≥2.0 cm2 on the femoral condyles and/or the trochlea; defects include OCD lesions with a bone lesion depth of ≤6 mm and does not require a bone graft.
  • Stable target knee (ie, anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments should be free of laxity as well as stable and intact). Ligament repair or reconstruction procedures are allowed prior to screening arthroscopy.
  • Intact meniscus or partial meniscus (at least 50% of functional meniscus remaining) in the target knee.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Any surgery on the target knee joint within 6 months prior to Screening (not including diagnostic arthroscopy)
  • ICRS Grade III or IV chondral or unsalvageable osteochondral defects located on the patella or tibia or any lesion that is bipolar to the index lesion
  • Concomitant inflammatory disease or other conditions that affects the joints (eg,rheumatoid arthritis, metabolic bone disease, psoriasis, symptomatic chondrocalcinosis)
  • Known history of septic arthritis in the index knee joint
  • Known history of hypersensitivity to gentamicin, other aminoglycosides, or products of porcine or bovine origin
  • Females who are pregnant or lactating

Study Design

Phase 3
Study Type
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
autologous cultured chondrocytes on porcine collagen membrane
  • Biological: MACI
    autologous cultured chondrocytes on porcine collagen membrane
Active Comparator
surgical procedure
  • Procedure: microfracture
    Arthroscopic microfracture treatment

Recruiting Locations

Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Bronx, New York 10467

More Details

Vericel Corporation

Study Contact

Ann E Remmers, PhD

Detailed Description

This is a 2-year prospective, multicenter, randomized, open-label, parallel group clinical trial; a total of 45 patients, ages 10 to 17 years, will be randomized to receive a 1-time treatment with MACI or microfracture (2:1, 30 MACI:15 microfracture).

After meeting screening criteria at the initial visit, all patients will have a screening arthroscopy to further assess study eligibility. During the screening arthroscopy, patients will be further evaluated against entry criteria. Cartilage lesion size will be measured prior to any cartilage repair procedure and randomization. All patients who meet the eligibility criteria and are considered suitable for treatment in the study will have a cartilage biopsy taken prior to randomization to study treatment. Eligible patients will be randomized during the screening arthroscopy procedure to receive either MACI or microfracture treatment. Patients randomized to microfracture will undergo the procedure during the screening arthroscopy.

All biopsied tissue will be sent to the Vericel manufacturing facility in Cambridge, Massachusetts, where the sample will be processed to isolate the autologous chondrocytes. Cells from patients randomized to the MACI group will be used in the preparation of the MACI implant; cells from patients randomized to the microfracture group will be cryopreserved.

Patients randomized to treatment with MACI will return within 12 weeks of the screening arthroscopy to undergo the chondrocyte implantation procedure via arthrotomy. Patients are to follow a recommended postoperative rehabilitation program and compliance with the rehabilitation schedule will be monitored.

Patients will be followed post-study treatment for 2 years (104 Weeks).


Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.