Purpose

Evaluate a multi-faceted training program to improve short-term smoking cessation rates (<14 days post-visit) and short (3 months) and sustained abstinence (6 months) among 1,114 enrolled smokers who present for LDCT lung cancer screening in 26 community-based practices.

Condition

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Over 18 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Agrees to have NCORP research personnel serve as the study liaison and another person to serve as the cessation program champion.
  • Agrees to participate in all aspects of the intervention, randomization, and evaluation.
  • Agrees to participate in a confidential 1-on-1 semi-structured interview with the research team.
  • Agrees to have the interview taped, transcribed and qualitatively analyzed.
  • Age ≥18 years
  • Potential participants will be screened using the following question: "Do you smoke cigarettes every day, some days, or not at all?" (BRFSS). A current smoker is anyone responds "every day" or "some days".

Exclusion Criteria

  • Current use (previous 30 days) of a tobacco dependence treatment including bupropion, varenicline, and nicotine replacement
  • Individuals who use e-cigarettes and who are not smoking cigarettes. Dual users (those who use both e-cigarettes and cigarettes) will still be included in the trial.
  • The presence of a physical or cognitive impairment that would prevent a person from engaging in survey research (such as blindness, deafness, or dementia).
  • Individual has already completed the intended LDCT lung cancer screening for this study.
  • Non-English speaking participants.

Study Design

Phase
N/A
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Health Services Research
Masking
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Intervention - Key Informant
NCORP site coordinator will call each participant to administer a 5 minute telephone survey within 14 days of the lung cancer screening clinic visit. A participant contact log is appended. This assessment focuses on exposure to the intervention and subsequent quit attempts.
  • Other: Key Informant
    Each site will have a coaching team: two members of our research team including an expert in tobacco cessation and an expert in lung cancer screening. Active coaching includes six, 1-1 ½ hour video exchanges among program sites and coaching teams, once every 4-6 weeks over an 8-month implementation phase. One week prior to the call, each site will be prompted with an email to inform the coaching team of any challenges associated with implementation.
No Intervention
Usual Care
Data collection from Patients: demographics, health status, smoking history, quitting behavior, perceptions of lung cancer risk and worry, impact of screening on tobacco use behavior, and exposure to the intervention. (baseline, <14 days, 3 months, and 6 months)

Recruiting Locations

Montefiore Medical Center - Moses Campus
Bronx, New York 10467
Contact:
Brieyona Reaves
718-920-4514
brieyona.reaves@einstein.yu.edu

More Details

Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Wake Forest University Health Sciences

Study Contact

Karen Craver
(336) 716-0891
NCORP@wakehealth.edu

Detailed Description

We utilize an effectiveness-implementation hybrid design, employing a cluster, randomized control trial of community-based NCORP sites to study the effectiveness of a multi-faceted intervention to improve smoking cessation among lung cancer screening patients, as well as dissemination and implementation (D&I) science to optimize and accelerate translation of findings into clinical practice. We will: (1) Evaluate a multi-faceted training program to improve short-term smoking cessation rates (1-week post-visit) and sustained abstinence (6 months) among 1,114 enrolled smokers (557 in each trial arm) who present for LDCT lung cancer screening in community-based lung cancer screening practices; (2) Characterize the adoption and adaptation of the evidence-based tobacco cessation strategies in 26 community-based LDCT lung cancer screening programs; and (3) Develop and evaluate an implementation toolkit for integrating evidence-based tobacco cessation strategies in community-based LDCT lung cancer screening programs. Qualitative data will be collected from key informants at participating screening programs during and after intervention implementation. Quantitative survey data (baseline, <14 days, 3 months, and 6 months) and saliva specimens (6 months only) will be collected from smoking patients receiving screening within these programs.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.