Purpose

The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of pembrolizumab plus standard of care (SOC) chemotherapy (etoposide/platinum [EP]) in participants with newly diagnosed extensive stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) who have not previously received systemic therapy for this malignancy. The primary study hypotheses are that pembrolizumab+EP prolongs Progression-free Survival (PFS) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1 by blinded independent central review (BICR) and Overall Survival (OS) compared with placebo+EP in adult participants with ES-SCLC.

Conditions

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Over 18 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Has a documented new diagnosis of SCLC by histology or cytology from brushing, washing, or needle aspiration of a defined lesion. Participants who do not have histology samples (defined as core or excisional biopsy, or resections) will need to undergo a new biopsy to provide a tissue sample.
  • Has extensive-stage disease defined as Stage IV (T any, N any, M 1a/b) by the American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC), Seventh Edition
  • Has ≥1 lesion that meets the criteria for measurable, as defined by RECIST 1.1, and is appropriate for selection as a target lesion, as determined by local site investigator/radiology assessment
  • Has provided archival tumor tissue sample or newly obtained core or excisional biopsy of a tumor lesion not previously irradiated
  • Has Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0 or 1
  • Has a life expectancy of ≥3 months
  • Has adequate organ function
  • Female and male participants of childbearing potential must be willing to use an adequate method of contraception, starting with the first dose of study treatment through 120 days after the last dose of study treatment and up to 180 days after last dose of chemotherapeutic agents

Exclusion Criteria

  • Has received prior systemic therapy for the treatment of SCLC
  • Is currently participating and receiving study treatment or has participated in a study of an investigational agent and received study treatment or used an investigational device within 4 weeks of the first dose of treatment for another health-related problem
  • Is expected to require any other form of antineoplastic therapy for SCLC, including radiation therapy, while on study. (Prophylactic cranial irradiation will be possible for those participants with stable disease or better at the completion of the 4 cycles of chemotherapy with or without pembrolizumab.)
  • Has known central nervous system (ie, brain and/or spinal cord) metastases and/or carcinomatous meningitis. Participants with brain metastases may participate only if they satisfy all of the following:
  • Has completed treatment (eg, whole brain radiation treatment [WBRT], stereotactic radiosurgery, or equivalent) ≥14 days prior to the first dose of study treatment,
  • Has no evidence of new or enlarging brain metastases confirmed by post-treatment repeat brain imaging performed ≥3 weeks after pre-treatment brain imaging, and
  • Is neurologically stable without the need for steroids for ≥7 days before first dose of study treatment.
  • Has had major surgery within 3 weeks prior to receiving the first dose of study treatment or has not recovered adequately from toxicity and/or complications from an intervention prior to receiving the first dose of study treatment.
  • Has a history of (non-infectious) pneumonitis that required steroids or has current pneumonitis
  • Has a known history of interstitial lung disease
  • Has a known additional malignancy that is progressing or requires active treatment. Exceptions include early stage cancers (carcinoma in situ or Stage 1) treated with curative intent, basal cell carcinoma of the skin, squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, in situ cervical cancer, or in situ breast cancer that has undergone potentially curative therapy.
  • Has active autoimmune disease that has required systemic treatment in the past 2 years. Replacement therapy is not considered a form of systemic treatment.
  • Has a known history of, or active, neurologic paraneoplastic syndrome
  • Has clinically active diverticulitis, intra-abdominal abscess, gastrointestinal obstruction, and/or abdominal carcinomatosis
  • Has a history of a severe hypersensitivity reaction to treatment with another monoclonal antibody
  • Is taking chronic systemic steroids (in doses exceeding 10 mg daily of prednisone equivalent) within 7 days prior to the first dose of study treatment
  • Has a diagnosis of immunodeficiency or is receiving any form of immunosuppressive therapy within 7 days prior to the first dose of study treatment
  • Has received a live vaccine within 30 days prior to the first dose of study treatment
  • Has received prior therapy with an anti-programmed cell death protein-1 (anti-PD-1), anti-programmed cell death-ligand 1 (anti-PD-L1), or anti-programmed cell death-ligand 2 (anti-PD-L2) agent or with an agent directed to another co-inhibitory T-cell receptor (i.e., cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 [CTLA-4], tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily member 9 [TNFRSF9, OX-40, CD137]) or has previously participated in a Merck pembrolizumab (MK-3475) clinical trial
  • Has severe hypersensitivity (Grade ≥3) to pembrolizumab and/or any of its excipients
  • Has an active infection requiring systemic therapy
  • Has a known history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  • Has a known history of Hepatitis B or known active Hepatitis C virus infection
  • Has a known history of active TB (Bacillus Tuberculosis)
  • Has symptomatic ascites or pleural effusion. A participant who is clinically stable following treatment for these conditions (including therapeutic thoraco- or paracentesis) is eligible.
  • Is pregnant or breastfeeding, or expecting to conceive or father children within the projected duration of the study starting with the screening visit through 120 days after the last dose of study treatment through and up to 180 days after last dose of chemotherapeutic agents

Study Design

Phase
Phase 3
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Pembrolizumab+EP
During each 21-day cycle, participants receive pembrolizumab 200 mg intravenously (IV) Day 1 PLUS etoposide 100 mg/m^2 IV on Days 1, 2 and 3 PLUS investigator's choice of platinum (carboplatin titrated to an area under the plasma drug concentration-time curve [AUC] 5 IV on Day 1 OR cisplatin 75 mg/m^2 IV on Day 1).
  • Biological: Pembrolizumab
    IV infusion on Day 1 of each cycle prior to chemotherapy
    Other names:
    • MK-3475
    • KEYTRUDA®
  • Drug: Carboplatin
    IV infusion on Day 1 of each cycle
    Other names:
    • PARAPLATIN®
  • Drug: Cisplatin
    IV infusion on Day 1 of each cycle
    Other names:
    • PLATINOL®
  • Drug: Etoposide
    IV infusion on Days 1, 2 and 3 of each cycle
    Other names:
    • TOPOSAR™
Active Comparator
Placebo+EP
During each 21-day cycle, participants receive placebo (normal saline solution) IV on Day 1 PLUS etoposide 100 mg/m^2 IV on Days 1, 2 and 3 PLUS investigator's choice of platinum (carboplatin titrated to an AUC 5 IV on Day 1 OR cisplatin 75 mg/m^2 IV on Day 1).
  • Drug: Normal saline solution
    IV infusion on Day 1 of each cycle prior to chemotherapy
  • Drug: Carboplatin
    IV infusion on Day 1 of each cycle
    Other names:
    • PARAPLATIN®
  • Drug: Cisplatin
    IV infusion on Day 1 of each cycle
    Other names:
    • PLATINOL®
  • Drug: Etoposide
    IV infusion on Days 1, 2 and 3 of each cycle
    Other names:
    • TOPOSAR™

Recruiting Locations

Montefiore Medical Center ( Site 1222)
Bronx, New York 10467
Contact:
Study Coordinator
718-405-8404

Montefiore Einstein Center for Cancer Care - Main site ( Site 1204)
Bronx, New York 10461
Contact:
Study Coordinator
718-405-8404

More Details

NCT ID
NCT03066778
Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.

Study Contact

Toll Free Number
1-888-577-8839
Trialsites@merck.com

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.