Purpose

This pilot clinical trial studies the side effects of anti-ESO (cancer/test antigen) murine T-cell receptor (mTCR)-transduced autologous peripheral blood lymphocytes and combination chemotherapy with cyclophosphamide and fludarabine phosphate in treating patients with cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic) and expresses the gene NY-ESO-1. Donor white blood cells that are treated in the laboratory with anti-cluster of differentiation (CD)3 may help treat metastatic cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cyclophosphamide and fludarabine phosphate, work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more cancer cells. Aldesleukin may stimulate white blood cells, including natural killer cells, to kill metastatic cancer cells. Giving anti-ESO (cancer/test antigen) mTCR-transduced autologous peripheral blood lymphocytes together with combination chemotherapy and aldesleukin may kill more cancer cells.

Conditions

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Between 18 Years and 66 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Measurable metastatic cancer that expresses NY ESO-1 as assessed by one of the following methods: reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) on tumor tissue, or by immunohistochemistry of resected tissue, or serum antibody reactive with ESO
  • Confirmation of diagnosis of metastatic cancer by the Laboratory of Pathology at the Montefiore Medical Center
  • Patients must have previously received systemic standard care (or effective salvage chemotherapy regimens) for metastatic disease, if known to be effective for that disease, and have been either non-responders (progressive disease) or have recurred
  • 3 or fewer brain metastases; Note: if lesions are symptomatic or greater than or equal to 1 cm each, these lesions must have been treated and stable for 3 months for the patient to be eligible
  • More than four weeks must have elapsed since any prior systemic therapy at the time the patient receives the preparative regimen, and patients' toxicities must have recovered to a grade 1 or less (except for toxicities such as alopecia or vitiligo); Note: patients may have undergone minor surgical procedures within the past 3 weeks, as long as all toxicities have recovered to grade 1 or less or as specified in the eligibility criteria
  • Eight weeks must have elapsed from the time of any antibody therapy that could affect an anti-cancer immune response, including anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA 4) therapy, at the time the patient receives the preparative regimen to allow antibody levels to decline; Note: patients who have previously received ipilimumab and have documented gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity must have a normal colonoscopy with normal colonic biopsies
  • Willing to sign a durable power of attorney
  • Able to understand and sign the informed consent document
  • Clinical performance status of Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0 or 1
  • Life expectancy of greater than three months
  • Patients must be HLA-A*0201 positive
  • Patients of both genders must be willing to practice birth control from the time of enrollment on this study and for up to four months after cells are no longer detected in the blood
  • Serology:
  • Seronegative for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody; (the experimental treatment being evaluated in this protocol depends on an intact immune system; patients who are HIV seropositive can have decreased immune-competence and thus be less responsive to the experimental treatment and more susceptible to its toxicities)
  • Seronegative for hepatitis B antigen, and seronegative for hepatitis C antibody; if hepatitis C antibody test is positive, then patient must be tested for the presence of antigen by RT-PCR and be hepatitis C virus (HCV) ribonucleic acid (RNA) negative
  • Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test because of the potentially dangerous effects of the treatment on the fetus
  • Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1000/mm^3 without the support of filgrastim
  • White blood cell (WBC) >= 3000/mm^3
  • Platelet count >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin > 8.0 g/dl
  • Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT)/aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< to 2.5 times the upper limit of normal
  • Serum creatinine =< to 1.6 mg/dl
  • Total bilirubin =< to 1.5 mg/dl, except in patients with Gilbert's Syndrome who must have a total bilirubin less than 3.0 mg/dl

Exclusion Criteria

  • Women of child-bearing potential who are pregnant or breastfeeding because of the potentially dangerous effects of the treatment on the fetus or infant
  • Any form of primary immunodeficiency (such as severe combined immunodeficiency disease)
  • Active systemic infections, coagulation disorders or other major medical illnesses of the cardiovascular, respiratory or immune system, myocardial infarction, cardiac arrhythmias, obstructive or restrictive pulmonary disease
  • Concurrent opportunistic infections (the experimental treatment being evaluated in this protocol depends on an intact immune system; patients who have decreased immune competence may be less responsive to the experimental treatment and more susceptible to its toxicities)
  • Concurrent systemic steroid therapy
  • History of severe immediate hypersensitivity reaction to any of the agents used in this study
  • History of coronary revascularization or ischemic symptoms
  • History of or active central nervous system (CNS) or peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) involvement
  • Documented left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of less than or equal to 45%; testing is required in patients with:
  • Clinically significant atrial and/or ventricular arrhythmias including but not limited to: atrial fibrillation, ventricular tachycardia, second or third degree heart block
  • Age >= 60 years old
  • Pulmonary function testing in patients with:
  • A prolonged history of cigarette smoking (20 pk/yr of smoking within the past two years)
  • Symptoms of respiratory dysfunction

Study Design

Phase
Early Phase 1
Study Type
Interventional
Intervention Model
Single Group Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Treatment (mTCR, aldesleukin)
Patients receive standard cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on days -7 to -6 and fludarabine phosphate via IVPB over 30 minutes on days -5 to -1 followed by anti-ESO (cancer/test antigen) mTCR-transduced autologous peripheral blood lymphocytes IV over 20-30 minutes on day 0 and aldesleukin IV over 15 minutes approximately every 8 hours on days 0-4. Patients also receive filgrastim SC on days 1-4.
  • Biological: Aldesleukin
    Given IV
    Other names:
    • 125-L-Serine-2-133-interleukin 2
    • Proleukin
    • r-serHuIL-2
    • Recombinant Human IL-2
    • Recombinant Human Interleukin-2
  • Biological: Anti-thyroglobulin mTCR-transduced Autologous Peripheral Blood Lymphocytes
    Given IV
    Other names:
    • Anti-thyroglobulin mTCR-transduced Autologous PBL
  • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
    Given IV
    Other names:
    • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
    • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
    • Carloxan
    • Ciclofosfamida
    • Ciclofosfamide
    • Cicloxal
    • Clafen
    • Claphene
    • CP monohydrate
    • CTX
    • CYCLO-cell
    • Cycloblastin
    • Cycloblastine
    • Cyclophospham
    • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
    • Cyclophosphamidum
    • Cyclophosphan
    • Cyclophosphane
    • Cyclophosphanum
    • Cyclostin
    • Cyclostine
    • Cytophosphan
    • Cytophosphane
    • Cytoxan
    • Fosfaseron
    • Genoxal
    • Genuxal
    • Ledoxina
    • Mitoxan
    • Neosar
    • Revimmune
    • Syklofosfamid
    • WR- 138719
  • Biological: Filgrastim
    Given SC
    Other names:
    • Filgrastim XM02
    • G-CSF
    • Neupogen
    • r-metHuG-CSF
    • Recombinant Methionyl Human Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor
    • rG-CSF
    • Tbo-filgrastim
    • Tevagrastim
  • Drug: Fludarabine Phosphate
    Given IVPB
    Other names:
    • 2-F-ara-AMP
    • 9H-Purin-6-amine, 2-fluoro-9-(5-O-phosphono-.beta.-D-arabinofuranosyl)-
    • Beneflur
    • Fludara
    • Oforta
    • SH T 586
  • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
    Correlative studies

Recruiting Locations

Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Bronx, New York 10461
Contact:
Ira Braunschweig
718-920-4826
IBRAUNSC@montefiore.org

More Details

NCT ID
NCT02774291
Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Study Contact

Detailed Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine the safety and tolerability of the administration of anti-ESO (cancer/test antigen) mTCR (T cell receptor)-engineered peripheral blood lymphocytes (anti-thyroglobulin mTCR-transduced autologous peripheral blood lymphocytes) plus high-dose aldesleukin following a nonmyeloablative lymphoid depleting preparative regimen in human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-A2 positive patients with metastatic cancer expressing the ESO antigen.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the in vivo survival of T-cell receptor (TCR) gene-engineered cells.

II. Determine the objective response rate by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) criteria.

OUTLINE:

Patients receive standard cyclophosphamide intravenously (IV) over 1 hour on days -7 to -6 and fludarabine phosphate via intravenous piggy back (IVPB) over 30 minutes on days -5 to -1 followed by anti-ESO (cancer/test antigen) mTCR-transduced autologous peripheral blood lymphocytes IV over 20-30 minutes on day 0 and aldesleukin IV over 15 minutes approximately every 8 hours on days 0-4. Patients also receive filgrastim subcutaneously (SC) on days 1-4.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at 6 weeks, annually for 5 years, and then periodically for 10 years thereafter.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.