Purpose

The purpose of the study is to determine if perineural dexmedetomidine can provide increased prolongation of analgesia when compared to perineural dexamethasone in patients receiving regional block for shoulder surgery. If so, dexmedetomidine may serve as a superior adjunct to peripheral nerve blocks in a rapidly evolving, ambulatory-centered surgical setting.

Condition

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Between 18 Years and 60 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Inclusion Criteria

:

- ASA 1 and 2

- 18-60 years old

- Patients scheduled for ambulatory arthroscopic or open surgery

Exclusion Criteria

  • ASA 3 and 4
  • Pre-existing pain disorder
  • Regular consumption of chronic pain medication
  • Anatomical abnormalities of upper extremity
  • Known allergy or hypersensitivity to Ropivacaine or other amide local anesthetics
  • Known allergy to dexmedetomidine
  • Coagulopathy
  • Uncontrolled Diabetes

Study Design

Phase
Phase 4
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
Double (Participant, Care Provider)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
dexmedetomidine and ropivacaine group
In this group, participants will undergo pre-operative single shot interscalene nerve block under ultrasound guidance and peripheral nerve stimulation with Ropivacaine 0.5% 20ml + 75mcg of dexmedetomidine
  • Drug: Ropivacaine
    local anesthetics adjuvants. Ropivacaine 0.5% 20ml. pre-operative single shot interscalene nerve block under ultrasound guidance and peripheral nerve stimulation in patients undergoing ambulatory shoulder surgery
    Other names:
    • anesthetics
  • Drug: Dexmedetomidine
    local anesthetics adjuvants. 75mcg of dexmedetomidine. pre-operative single shot interscalene nerve block under ultrasound guidance and peripheral nerve stimulation in patients undergoing ambulatory shoulder surgery
    Other names:
    • anesthetics
Experimental
dexamethasone and ropivacaine group
In this group, participants will undergo pre-operative single shot interscalene nerve block under ultrasound guidance and peripheral nerve stimulation with. Ropivacaine 0.5% 20ml + 4mg dexamethasone
  • Drug: Ropivacaine
    local anesthetics adjuvants. Ropivacaine 0.5% 20ml. pre-operative single shot interscalene nerve block under ultrasound guidance and peripheral nerve stimulation in patients undergoing ambulatory shoulder surgery
    Other names:
    • anesthetics
  • Drug: Dexamethasone
    local anesthetics adjuvants. 4mg dexamethasone. pre-operative single shot interscalene nerve block under ultrasound guidance and peripheral nerve stimulation in patients undergoing ambulatory shoulder surgery
    Other names:
    • anesthetics
Active Comparator
ropivacaine only group
In this group, participants will undergo pre-operative single shot interscalene nerve block under ultrasound guidance and peripheral nerve stimulation with Ropivacaine 0.5% 20ml (acting as control)
  • Drug: Ropivacaine
    local anesthetics adjuvants. Ropivacaine 0.5% 20ml. pre-operative single shot interscalene nerve block under ultrasound guidance and peripheral nerve stimulation in patients undergoing ambulatory shoulder surgery
    Other names:
    • anesthetics

Recruiting Locations

Montefiore Medical Center
Bronx, New York 10467
Contact:
Singh Nair
718-920-5932
sinair@montefiore.org

More Details

NCT ID
NCT02653144
Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Montefiore Medical Center

Study Contact

Amaresh Vydynathan, MD
7189205932
avydyana@montefiore.org

Detailed Description

Currently, the most commonly employed adjunct to peripheral nerve blockade is perineural dexamethasone. In general, at the doses used in regional anesthesia, dexamethasone has a minimal side effect profile. However, while it has been shown to increase duration of analgesia, there have been concerns regarding its neurotoxicity in animal studies. In addition, dexamethasone has the potential to cause hyperglycemia in patients with impaired glucose metabolism as well as perineal pain and pruritis when administered peripherally.

Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective alpha-2 agonist that is commonly used in patients undergoing anesthesia or requiring sedation in a non-operative setting. As a peripherally administered medication, it has both sedating and analgesic properties, as well as the added benefit of avoidance of respiratory depression. Although it can rarely produce cardiac depression at high doses, its side effect profile is otherwise minimal and is generally very well tolerated by most patients. When administered peripherally, dexmedetomidine has most commonly been associated with side effects such as hypotension, respiratory depression, and bradycardia - although all at significantly higher doses than planned in our study. The safe use of perineural dexmedetomidine together with local anesthetics has been described on numerous occasions. Nevertheless, although it has been shown to potentiate peripheral nerve blockade and prolong duration of analgesia in various studies , it remains rarely used as an adjunct to regional anesthesia.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.