Insights Into Microbiome and Environmental Contributions to Sickle Cell Disease and Leg Ulcers Study (INSIGHTS Study)
Background: - People with sickle cell disease and other blood disorders sometimes get chronic leg ulcers. These are wounds that develop on the skin and don t go away. Current treatments do not work very well, so researchers want to learn more about why the ulcers happen. They want to find out which bacteria may cause it, and if external factors play a role. Objective: - To study social and environmental factors of sickle cell disease and the causes of sickle cell disease leg ulcers. Eligibility: - People age 18 and older who have sickle cell disease or another red cell disorder, with or without an active leg ulcer. Design: - Participants will have a medical history and clinical evaluation. They will also have blood drawn. - Participants will complete questionnaires about their life, health, environment, stress, and other topics. - Participants may provide a small sample of hair. - Participants will be asked to collect a small amount of saliva. - Participants with leg ulcers will have their skin microbiome sampled. The microbiome is all of the microbes (bacteria and and/or fungi) and their genes in and on the body. Researchers will use swabs to collect skin samples. Photographs will be taken of the skin sample area. - Some participants without leg ulcers also will have their skin microbiome sampled. - Some participants who have their skin microbiome sampled will return for a second visit. At this visit, their microbiome will be resampled. It will take place more than 30 days after the first visit.
- Genetic Disease
- Eligible Ages
- Over 18 Years
- Eligible Genders
- Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Each subject must meet all of the following inclusion criteria during the screening process in order to participate in the study:
- All subjects must have a diagnosis of sickle cell disease (HbSS, HgSC, HbSB 0 or HBSB+)
- Be at least 18 years old.
- Provide written informed consent.
- For the Qualitative phase: must have a recurrent, active, or singleoccurrence presentation of a leg ulcer(s).
Any subject that meets any of the following criteria during baseline evaluation will be excluded from the study:
- Pediatric population (<18 years old)
- Participants for microbiome study (only) who have received oral and/or topical antibiotics or antifungals < 2 weeks prior to enrolling in the study for leg ulcers (for those with leg ulcers only)
- Subjects presenting with clinically diagnosed bacterial infection (i.e. clinical appearance, clinical judgment, fever, redness around ulcer, purulent drainage etc.) at the site of ulceration. (This can only be diagnosed clinically by the research nurse during sampling
and is only applicable to those with leg ulcers only).
- Study Type
- Observational Model
- Time Perspective
|Microbiome with active leg ulcer||We will recruit and obtain microbiome samples from male or female adult participants with active leg ulcers and sickle cell disease. The total sample size will be no more than 250.|
|Microbiome with no active leg ulcer||We will recruit and obtain mircobiome samples from male or female adult participants without active leg ulcers but do not have sickle cell disease. The total sample size will be no more than 250.|
|non-microbiome participants||We will recruit but not obtain microbiome samples from participants with sickle cell disease|
- National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI)
Study ContactVence L Bonham, J.D.
Leg ulcers are a serious and debilitating complication of sickle cell disease (SCD). This study will explore microbial, genomic, and environmental (social and physical) factors, that may influence the onset and progression of leg ulcer formation and delayed healing in individuals living with SCD. There is variation in the incidence and duration of SCD leg ulcers. They are often very painful, resistant to treatment, and recurrent in nature. The etiology of SCD-associated leg ulcers is unclear, and we hypothesize that predisposition to developing leg ulcers is multifactorial. This multi site study is an exploratory study of the microbiome and environment of individuals living with sickle cell disease leg ulcers. The study s objective is to identify triggers that may be integral in leg ulcer onset and progression. The central goal of this study is to obtain an improved understanding of the participants clinical phenotype, leg ulcer mircobiome and the psychosocial and environmental factors that may impact this complication.
To achieve these goals, we will: (1)characterize the leg skin microbiome of SCD participants living with and without leg ulcers within the United States and Sierra Leone; (2) collect and analyze psychosocial and physical environmental data of individuals with SCD without leg ulcers and with leg ulcers; (3) examine the psychosocial impact of leg ulcers on individuals with SCD by conducting a qualitative phase to explore the individual experiences to understand the physical function, stigma, and self-esteem associated with those with active, recurrent, or single-occurrence presentations of leg ulcers; and (4) explore what factors influence psychological resilience, to examine the relationship of psychological resilience to the health outcomes of an adult population living with sickle cell disease in the U.S. and in Sierra Leone. This will provide us the opportunity to understand the complexity of participants health, health care experiences and quality of life