Purpose

Background: - There are very few documents to help young adults living with advanced cancer discuss their concerns and end-of-life preferences. A new document, Voicing My CHOiCES, allows young adults to explain what kind of care they would want if they became unable to communicate or make medical decisions on their own. Researchers want to study if this document is helpful. Objective: - To study if Voicing My CHOiCES can reduce anxiety, improve sense of support, and improve communication about advanced care planning. Eligibility: - Adults 18 to 39 years old being treated for cancer. Design: - Participants will answer questions about their age, gender, employment, religion, health, and marital status. They will also complete several brief questionnaires: 1. General Anxiety Short Form 2. Peace, Equanimity and Acceptance in the Cancer Experience 3. Functional Assessment of Social Support 4. Quality of Communication 5. Prior Communication about Advanced Care Planning - Then a health care professional will introduce Voicing My CHOiCES . Participants will review the document and comment on parts they find relevant. They will also say if any important items are missing. Participants will complete 3 pages of the document with the assistance of a health care provider. They will be asked for positive and negative observations. - The second stage of the study will take place about 1 month later. Participants will repeat the brief questionnaires listed above. They will be asked if they shared any of the preferences they described when completing the 3 pages of Voicing My CHOiCES during visit 1 with a family member, friend, or health care provider. Research staff will ask the participant for permission to contact the people they spoke with in order to learn whether their conversations about the document were helpful. They will ask for feedback on how to make Voicing My CHOiCES more helpful.

Conditions

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Between 18 Years and 100 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
Yes

Inclusion Criteria

  • Patients must be between ages: 18 through 39 years
  • Patients must be diagnosed with cancer or other chronic illness.
  • Patients must give informed consent.
  • Patients must have a score of 3 or less on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status Scale (ECOG PS; Appendix
  • Patients must be English or Spanish speaking.
  • Cohorts 1B and 2B must be English speaking only.

Exclusion Criteria

  • Presence of psychotic symptoms or severe psychological distress, which in the judgment of the Principal or Associate Investigator or consulting psychiatrist would compromise the patient s ability to engage in the intervention or is likely to interfere with the study procedures or results.
  • Cognitive impairment which in the judgment of the Principal or Associate Investigatorwould compromise the patient s ability to understand the VMC material or is likely to interfere with the study procedures or results.
  • Clinically significant, systemic illness (serious infections or significant cardiac, pulmonary, hepatic or other organ dysfunction) which in the judgment of the research team would compromise the patient s ability to tolerate or complete this study.
  • Participants who have already completed the Voicing My CHOiCES tool.

ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR NON-PATIENT PARTICPANTS (COHORT 3):

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

- Subject must be greater than or equal to 18 years of age

- Family/friend and/or health care providers must be English or Spanish speaking.

- Family/friend and health care providers must provide informed consent.

Study Design

Phase
Study Type
Observational
Observational Model
Cohort
Time Perspective
Prospective

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Cohort 1A / Initial Young Adults with Children At least 25 young adults who have children and are 18 through 39 years diagnosed with cancer or other chronic illness and enrolled on an NIH protocol or treated at one of the participating sites.
Cohort 1B / Comparison Young Adults with Children At least 15 young adults who have children and are 18 through 39 years diagnosed with cancer or other chronic illness and enrolled on an NIH protocol.
Cohort 2A / Initial Independent Young Adults At least 25 young adults who live independently and are 18 through 39 years diagnosed with cancer or other chronic illness and enrolled on an NIH protocol or treated at one of the participating sites.
Cohort 2B / Comparison Independent Young Adults Up to 35 young adults who live independently and are 18 through 39 years diagnosed withcancer or other chronic illness and enrolled on an NIH protocol.
Cohort 3 / Non-patient participants Up to 100 family members, friends, or health care providers of patient participant

Recruiting Locations

Children's Hospital at Montefiore
Bronx, New York

More Details

Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Study Contact

Lori Wiener, Ph.D.
(240) 760-6419
lori.wiener@nih.gov

Detailed Description

Background:

- Discussing end-of-life (EoL) care is very challenging for young adults (YA) living with a life threatening disease.

- While many helpful documents exist to facilitate EoL conversations with adults, few resources exist to aid YA in understanding and accepting their changing physical, emotional and social needs when treatment is no longer effective.

- Between 2007-2011, the Pediatric Oncology Branch (07-C-0085) explored the helpfulness of Five Wishes with adolescents and young adults living with HIV or advanced cancer. Thisresearch led to the development of a new advance care planning (ACP) guide, Voicing My CHOiCES (VMC). However, Voicing My CHOiCES has not been empirically examined in its completed form.

Objectives:

- To determine the perceived helpfulness of VMC.

- To determine whether engaging in advanced care planning using VMC is associated with reduced anxiety, improved social support, increased acceptance of illness, and/or improved communication about ACP with family, friends, and/or health care providers.

- To assess the helpfulness of the changes made to the original VMC as compared to the revised VMC document.

Eligibility:

- Patient Participants:

- Age: 18 through 39 years

- Known cancer or other chronic illness and enrolled on an NIH protocol or treated at one of the participating sites.

- No prior experience using Voicing My CHOiCES

- Patients and family/friend and health care providers must be English or Spanish speaking. Participants enrolled to assess the helpfulness of changes made to original VMC must be English speaking.

Design:

- Each subject will complete a baseline assessment of their anxiety pertaining to advance care planning, quality of social support, acceptance of illness,and quality of communication with family, friends and health care providers. They will be asked to review the advance care planning document, Voicing My CHOiCES , and to comment on each section as to whether it can provide an opportunity to address ACP needs for themselves and for other YA their age living with a serious illness. They will also assess whether revisions are needed to the document.

- To obtain the perspectives of different YA, the initial study cohort will include up to 130 participants, with a minimum of 25 YA who are living independently and 25 YA who have a child(ren) of their own. In addition, up to 100 family/friends and health care providers of the participants will participate in the follow up assessment. An additional 50 participants will be recruited, at the Clinical Center only, to compare the original Voicing My CHOiCES to the revised document. A total of up to 280 individuals may participate in this study.

- A 1-month pre-post design will be used to assess the utility of the document, anxiety, quality of social support, acceptance of illness, communication about EoL planning, and whether the patient participant has shared any of the work completed in the document with a family member, friend, or health care provider.

If the participant had shared the ACP preferences that were documented in Voicing My CHOiCES with a family member or friend, and had consented for us to contact that person, we will obtain the family member or friend s consent and complete a brief interview assessing the helpfulness and limitations of Voicing My CHOiCES for ACP. If the participant had shared the ACP preferences that were documented in Voicing My CHOiCES with their health care provider and had consented for us to talk with that health care provider, a brief interview assessing the helpfulness and limitations of Voicing My CHOiCES for end-of-life planning and whether any changes in the participants health care was made in response to Voicing My CHOiCES , will be documented.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.