Purpose

This randomized pilot clinical trial studies chemotherapy before surgery and tissue sample collection in patients with stage IIA-IIIC breast cancer. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as doxorubicin hydrochloride, cyclophosphamide, and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Monoclonal antibodies, such as trastuzumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells o grow and spread. Giving doxorubicin hydrochloride, cyclophosphamide, paclitaxel and trastuzumab may kill more tumor cells. Collecting and storing samples of tissue from patients with breast cancer to study in the laboratory may help doctors learn more about how well patients will respond to treatment.

Conditions

Eligibility

Eligible Ages
Over 18 Years
Eligible Genders
All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers
No

Criteria


Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients must have histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the breast associated
with the following clinical stage: IIA, IIB, IIIA, IIIB, or IIIC; patients with stage
IV disease are also eligible if there is an intention to perform breast surgery after
neoadjuvant therapy is completed, or in patients participating in clinical trials
where surgery after neoadjuvant therapy may be an option (eg. E2108)

- Estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and HER2/neu status documented by
core needle biopsy of the primary tumor and/or regional lymph node must be known prior
to beginning systemic therapy

- Patients must have had a bilateral diagnostic mammogram within 6 months of
registration, and may also have a targeted sonography of the breast and/or ipsilateral
axilla and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) if clinically indicated

- Patients with clinically suspicious axillary lymph node involvement must have either
aspiration cytology or biopsy prior to beginning therapy

- It is strongly encouraged that all patients have metallic clips placed in the tumor
prior to neoadjuvant therapy in order to facilitate evaluation for microscopic disease
at the time of surgery; placement of clips is particularly encouraged for patients
being considered for breast conserving surgery

- No prior chemotherapy, irradiation, or definitive therapeutic surgery (eg, mastectomy
or lumpectomy or axillary dissection) for this malignancy; patients who have had a
prior sentinel lymph node biopsy for this malignancy are eligible

- Patients who received tamoxifen or another selective estrogen receptor modulator
(SERM) for prevention or for other indications (e.g., osteoporosis, prior ductal
carcinoma in situ [DCIS]) are eligible; tamoxifen therapy or other SERMs should be
discontinued at least 1 week before the patient is enrolled on this study

- The patient is medically suitable candidate for preoperative chemotherapy and surgery
in the judgment of the treating physicians

- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document,
and willing to provide blood samples before and during preoperative therapy; patients
are also asked but not required to have research biopsies performed before and after
therapy

Study Design

Phase
N/A
Study Type
Interventional
Allocation
Randomized
Intervention Model
Parallel Assignment
Primary Purpose
Treatment
Masking
None (Open Label)

Arm Groups

ArmDescriptionAssigned Intervention
Experimental
Stratum A (HER2-positive disease)
Patients receive paclitaxel IV over 1 hour and trastuzumab IV over 30-90 minutes weekly for 12 weeks. Beginning 2-3 weeks after the last dose of paclitaxel, patients receive doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 5-10 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes every 2 weeks for 8 weeks
  • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
    Given IV
    Other names:
    • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
    • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
    • Carloxan
    • Ciclofosfamida
    • Ciclofosfamide
    • Cicloxal
    • Clafen
    • Claphene
    • CP monohydrate
    • CTX
    • CYCLO-cell
    • Cycloblastin
    • Cycloblastine
    • Cyclophospham
    • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
    • Cyclophosphamidum
    • Cyclophosphan
    • Cyclophosphane
    • Cyclophosphanum
    • Cyclostin
    • Cyclostine
    • Cytophosphan
    • Cytophosphane
    • Cytoxan
    • Fosfaseron
    • Genoxal
    • Genuxal
    • Ledoxina
    • Mitoxan
    • Neosar
    • Revimmune
    • Syklofosfamid
    • WR- 138719
  • Other: Cytology Specimen Collection Procedure
    Correlative studies
    Other names:
    • Cytologic Sampling
  • Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
    Given IV
    Other names:
    • 5,12-Naphthacenedione, 10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8, 9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-, hydrochloride, (8S-cis)- (9CI)
    • ADM
    • Adriacin
    • Adriamycin
    • Adriamycin Hydrochloride
    • Adriamycin PFS
    • Adriamycin RDF
    • ADRIAMYCIN, HYDROCHLORIDE
    • Adriamycine
    • Adriblastina
    • Adriblastine
    • Adrimedac
    • Chloridrato de Doxorrubicina
    • DOX
    • DOXO-CELL
    • Doxolem
    • Doxorubicin.HCl
    • Doxorubin
    • Farmiblastina
    • FI 106
    • FI-106
    • hydroxydaunorubicin
    • Rubex
  • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
    Correlative studies
  • Drug: Paclitaxel
    Given IV
    Other names:
    • Anzatax
    • Asotax
    • Bristaxol
    • Praxel
    • Taxol
    • Taxol Konzentrat
  • Biological: Trastuzumab
    Given IV
    Other names:
    • ABP 980
    • Anti-c-ERB-2
    • Anti-c-erbB2 Monoclonal Antibody
    • Anti-ERB-2
    • Anti-erbB-2
    • Anti-erbB2 Monoclonal Antibody
    • Anti-HER2/c-erbB2 Monoclonal Antibody
    • Anti-p185-HER2
    • c-erb-2 Monoclonal Antibody
    • HER2 Monoclonal Antibody
    • Herceptin
    • Herceptin Biosimilar PF-05280014
    • Herceptin Trastuzumab Biosimilar PF-05280014
    • MoAb HER2
    • Monoclonal Antibody c-erb-2
    • Monoclonal Antibody HER2
    • PF-05280014
    • rhuMAb HER2
    • Trastuzumab Biosimilar ABP 980
    • Trastuzumab Biosimilar PF-05280014
Experimental
Stratum B (paclitaxel followed by AC)
Patients receive paclitaxel, doxorubicin hydrochloride, and cyclophosphamide as in Stratum A.
  • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
    Given IV
    Other names:
    • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
    • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
    • Carloxan
    • Ciclofosfamida
    • Ciclofosfamide
    • Cicloxal
    • Clafen
    • Claphene
    • CP monohydrate
    • CTX
    • CYCLO-cell
    • Cycloblastin
    • Cycloblastine
    • Cyclophospham
    • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
    • Cyclophosphamidum
    • Cyclophosphan
    • Cyclophosphane
    • Cyclophosphanum
    • Cyclostin
    • Cyclostine
    • Cytophosphan
    • Cytophosphane
    • Cytoxan
    • Fosfaseron
    • Genoxal
    • Genuxal
    • Ledoxina
    • Mitoxan
    • Neosar
    • Revimmune
    • Syklofosfamid
    • WR- 138719
  • Other: Cytology Specimen Collection Procedure
    Correlative studies
    Other names:
    • Cytologic Sampling
  • Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
    Given IV
    Other names:
    • 5,12-Naphthacenedione, 10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8, 9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-, hydrochloride, (8S-cis)- (9CI)
    • ADM
    • Adriacin
    • Adriamycin
    • Adriamycin Hydrochloride
    • Adriamycin PFS
    • Adriamycin RDF
    • ADRIAMYCIN, HYDROCHLORIDE
    • Adriamycine
    • Adriblastina
    • Adriblastine
    • Adrimedac
    • Chloridrato de Doxorrubicina
    • DOX
    • DOXO-CELL
    • Doxolem
    • Doxorubicin.HCl
    • Doxorubin
    • Farmiblastina
    • FI 106
    • FI-106
    • hydroxydaunorubicin
    • Rubex
  • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
    Correlative studies
  • Drug: Paclitaxel
    Given IV
    Other names:
    • Anzatax
    • Asotax
    • Bristaxol
    • Praxel
    • Taxol
    • Taxol Konzentrat
Experimental
Stratum C (AC followed by paclitaxel)
Patients receive doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 5-10 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes every 2 weeks for 8 weeks. Patients then receive paclitaxel IV over 1 hour weekly for 12 weeks.
  • Drug: Cyclophosphamide
    Given IV
    Other names:
    • (-)-Cyclophosphamide
    • 2H-1,3,2-Oxazaphosphorine, 2-[bis(2-chloroethyl)amino]tetrahydro-, 2-oxide, monohydrate
    • Carloxan
    • Ciclofosfamida
    • Ciclofosfamide
    • Cicloxal
    • Clafen
    • Claphene
    • CP monohydrate
    • CTX
    • CYCLO-cell
    • Cycloblastin
    • Cycloblastine
    • Cyclophospham
    • Cyclophosphamid monohydrate
    • Cyclophosphamidum
    • Cyclophosphan
    • Cyclophosphane
    • Cyclophosphanum
    • Cyclostin
    • Cyclostine
    • Cytophosphan
    • Cytophosphane
    • Cytoxan
    • Fosfaseron
    • Genoxal
    • Genuxal
    • Ledoxina
    • Mitoxan
    • Neosar
    • Revimmune
    • Syklofosfamid
    • WR- 138719
  • Other: Cytology Specimen Collection Procedure
    Correlative studies
    Other names:
    • Cytologic Sampling
  • Drug: Doxorubicin Hydrochloride
    Given IV
    Other names:
    • 5,12-Naphthacenedione, 10-[(3-amino-2,3,6-trideoxy-alpha-L-lyxo-hexopyranosyl)oxy]-7,8, 9,10-tetrahydro-6,8,11-trihydroxy-8-(hydroxyacetyl)-1-methoxy-, hydrochloride, (8S-cis)- (9CI)
    • ADM
    • Adriacin
    • Adriamycin
    • Adriamycin Hydrochloride
    • Adriamycin PFS
    • Adriamycin RDF
    • ADRIAMYCIN, HYDROCHLORIDE
    • Adriamycine
    • Adriblastina
    • Adriblastine
    • Adrimedac
    • Chloridrato de Doxorrubicina
    • DOX
    • DOXO-CELL
    • Doxolem
    • Doxorubicin.HCl
    • Doxorubin
    • Farmiblastina
    • FI 106
    • FI-106
    • hydroxydaunorubicin
    • Rubex
  • Other: Laboratory Biomarker Analysis
    Correlative studies
  • Drug: Paclitaxel
    Given IV
    Other names:
    • Anzatax
    • Asotax
    • Bristaxol
    • Praxel
    • Taxol
    • Taxol Konzentrat

Recruiting Locations

Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Bronx, New York 10461
Contact:
Joseph A. Sparano
718-405-8404
jsparano@montefiore.org

More Details

Status
Recruiting
Sponsor
Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Study Contact

Detailed Description

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To evaluate the effects of preoperative neoadjuvant paclitaxel and doxorubicin (doxorubicin hydrochloride)/cyclophosphamide (AC) on: senescence; invasion/motility (tumor microenvironment of metastasis [TMEM] and 67 kDa laminin receptor [67LR]).

II. To create a biospecimen repository for future studies derived from patients with breast cancer receiving standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

OUTLINE: Patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive disease are assigned to Stratum A, and patients with HER2-negative disease are randomized to Stratum B or C.

STRATUM A: Patients receive paclitaxel intravenously (IV) over 1 hour and trastuzumab IV over 30-90 minutes weekly for 12 weeks. Beginning 2-3 weeks later, patients receive doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 5-10 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes every 2 weeks for 8 weeks

STRATUM B: Patients receive paclitaxel, doxorubicin hydrochloride, and cyclophosphamide as in Stratum A.

STRATUM C: Patients receive doxorubicin hydrochloride IV over 5-10 minutes and cyclophosphamide IV over 30-60 minutes every 2 weeks for 8 weeks. Patients then receive paclitaxel IV over 1 hour weekly for 12 weeks.

Patients undergo surgery 2-6 weeks after the last chemotherapy dose.

In all arms, treatment continues in the absence of unacceptable toxicity.

Notice

Study information shown on this site is derived from ClinicalTrials.gov (a public registry operated by the National Institutes of Health). The listing of studies provided is not certain to be all studies for which you might be eligible. Furthermore, study eligibility requirements can be difficult to understand and may change over time, so it is wise to speak with your medical care provider and individual research study teams when making decisions related to participation.