315 matching studies

Sponsor Condition of Interest
Central Mechanisms That Regulate Glucose Metabolism in Humans
Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Inc. Type 2 Diabetes
Increased endogenous glucose production (EGP) is the major cause of postabsorptive hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). While EGP is inhibited by both glucose and insulin in non-diabetic animals and humans, T2DM is associated with increased EGP despite elevated plasma... expand

Increased endogenous glucose production (EGP) is the major cause of postabsorptive hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). While EGP is inhibited by both glucose and insulin in non-diabetic animals and humans, T2DM is associated with increased EGP despite elevated plasma glucose and insulin concentrations. In fact, we and others have reported direct inhibitory effects of hyperglycemia itself on EGP in nondiabetic subjects, independent of other hormonal or metabolic signals, which are markedly blunted in subjects with T2DM. The medial hypothalamus mediates hormonal signals which affect glucose metabolism. ATP-sensitive potassium (KATP) channels are expressed in the hypothalamus and can be activated by insulin. Activation of these channels appears to be an important common mechanism whereby both systemic glucose and insulin suppress EGP, and may account for almost 50% of EGP suppression by both agents. Diazoxide has been shown to inhibit EGP in rodents via the activation of these KATP channels in the hypothalamus, while the KATP channel inhibitor glyburide blocks these effects. There is evidence to suggest that central activation of KATP channels is still able to suppress EGP in animal models that are otherwise resistant to the effects of systemic glucose and insulin.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2011

open study

A Study to Investigate the Efficacy and Safety of RO5285119 in Participants With Autism Spectrum Disorder...
Hoffmann-La Roche Autism Spectrum Disorder
This is a Phase II multi-center, randomized, double-blind, 24-week, 3-arm, parallel group, placebo-controlled study to investigate the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of RO5285119 in children and adolescents aged 5-17 years with ASD who are high functioning (intelligence... expand

This is a Phase II multi-center, randomized, double-blind, 24-week, 3-arm, parallel group, placebo-controlled study to investigate the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of RO5285119 in children and adolescents aged 5-17 years with ASD who are high functioning (intelligence quotient [IQ] greater than or equal to [>=] 70). Enrollment will be staggered, starting first with adolescents (aged 13 to 17 years) and then with children (aged 5 to 12 years). Initially, a first cohort of approximately 24 adolescents will be enrolled together. Based on pharmacokinetic evaluation, safety, and tolerability in the first adolescent cohort and determined final doses, enrollment of adolescents will resume and the enrollment of a first cohort of approximately 24 children (aged 5 to 12 years) can commence. Based on acceptable safety and tolerability in the first children cohort and determined final doses, enrollment of children will resume.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2016

open study

Study of Acarbose in Longevity
Montefiore Medical Center Aging
The investigators are studying the effects of acarbose on muscle and adipose gene transcription in older adults. expand

The investigators are studying the effects of acarbose on muscle and adipose gene transcription in older adults.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2016

open study

Efficacy and Safety of Bimatoprost Sustained-Release (SR) in Patients With Open-angle Glaucoma or Ocular...
Allergan Glaucoma, Open-Angle Ocular Hypertension
This study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of bimatoprost sustained-release (SR) in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. The study includes a 12-month treatment period with an 8-month extended follow-up. expand

This study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of bimatoprost sustained-release (SR) in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension. The study includes a 12-month treatment period with an 8-month extended follow-up.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Oct 2014

open study

Maintenance Chemotherapy With or Without Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With...
NRG Oncology Recurrent Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
This randomized phase II/III trial studies how well giving maintenance chemotherapy with or without stereotactic body radiation therapy works in treating patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer. Drugs used in maintenance chemotherapy, such as docetaxel, pemetrexed disodium,... expand

This randomized phase II/III trial studies how well giving maintenance chemotherapy with or without stereotactic body radiation therapy works in treating patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer. Drugs used in maintenance chemotherapy, such as docetaxel, pemetrexed disodium, and gemcitabine work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Stereotactic body radiation therapy is a specialized radiation therapy that sends x-rays directly to the tumor using smaller doses over several days and may cause less damage to normal tissue. Giving maintenance chemotherapy and stereotactic body radiation therapy together may work better than maintenance chemotherapy alone in treating patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2017

open study

MILD® Percutaneous Image-Guided Lumbar Decompression: A Medicare Claims Study
Vertos Medical, Inc. Lumbar Spinal Stenosis
This prospective longitudinal study will compare incidence rates of Medicare beneficiary surgical and minimally invasive intervention post index procedure, as well as harms associated with the MILD procedure, at 24 months post-treatment with MILD, tested against a control group... expand

This prospective longitudinal study will compare incidence rates of Medicare beneficiary surgical and minimally invasive intervention post index procedure, as well as harms associated with the MILD procedure, at 24 months post-treatment with MILD, tested against a control group of similar patients that have had a comparable procedure.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Mar 2017

open study

A Study of Pembrolizumab (MK-3475) in Combination With Etoposide/Platinum (Cisplatin or Carboplatin)...
Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. Small Cell Lung Cancer SCLC
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of pembrolizumab plus standard of care (SOC) chemotherapy (etoposide/platinum [EP]) in participants with newly diagnosed extensive stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) who have not previously received systemic therapy... expand

The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of pembrolizumab plus standard of care (SOC) chemotherapy (etoposide/platinum [EP]) in participants with newly diagnosed extensive stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC) who have not previously received systemic therapy for this malignancy. The primary study hypotheses are that pembrolizumab+EP prolongs Progression-free Survival (PFS) per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) version 1.1 by blinded independent central review (BICR) and Overall Survival (OS) compared with placebo+EP in adult participants with ES-SCLC.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2017

open study

Ruxolitinib in Combination With Trastuzumab in Metastatic HER2 Positive Breast Cancer
Kevin Kalinsky Metastatic Breast Cancer Breast Carcinoma HER-2 Positive Breast Cancer
The purpose of this study is to examine the safety and efficacy of Ruxolitinib in combination with Trastuzumab in treatment of HER2 positive metastatic breast cancer. Ruxolitinib (Jakafi) is an Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved treatment for myelofibrosis (a disease of... expand

The purpose of this study is to examine the safety and efficacy of Ruxolitinib in combination with Trastuzumab in treatment of HER2 positive metastatic breast cancer. Ruxolitinib (Jakafi) is an Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved treatment for myelofibrosis (a disease of the bone marrow), but its safety and efficacy in breast cancer patients is not known. Trastuzumab (Herceptin) is an FDA-approved treatment for HER2 positive breast cancer. The safety and efficacy of both treatments given in combination is not known. It is hypothesized that Ruxolitinib in combination with Trastuzumab will demonstrate efficacy in treating Metastatic HER2 Positive Breast Cancer subjects, and will have a tolerable safety profile in this patient population.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2014

open study

Multicenter Prospective Cohort Study on Current Treatments of Legg-Calvé-Perthes Disease
Texas Scottish Rite Hospital for Children Legg Calve Perthes Disease
Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease is a childhood hip disorder which is common enough to be a significant public health problem (affects 1 in 740 boys between ages 0—14), but uncommon enough to have a sufficient number of patients from a single institution to perform a definitive prospective... expand

Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease is a childhood hip disorder which is common enough to be a significant public health problem (affects 1 in 740 boys between ages 0—14), but uncommon enough to have a sufficient number of patients from a single institution to perform a definitive prospective study comparing the results of current treatments. The present study will establish a database of prospectively identified patients with Legg-Calvé-Perthes (LCP) Disease and collect information regarding their presentation, treatment, and outcomes in the course of receiving currently available treatments. This study seeks to compare the outcomes of current treatments in the management of different age groups (ages 1-6, 6—8, 8—11, >11) of patients with Perthes disease at two- and five-year followup and at skeletal maturity. For each age group, two to three common treatment regimens currently used by practicing pediatric orthopaedic surgeons will be compared. The intervention a patient receives is determined through physician preference. Physicians pick an intervention for each age group and treat each patient with the same intervention.

Type: Observational

Start Date: Aug 2012

open study

aMAZE Study: LAA Ligation Adjunctive to PVI for Persistent or Longstanding Persistent Atrial Fibrillation
SentreHEART, Inc. Atrial Fibrillation
This study is a prospective, multicenter, randomized (2:1) controlled study to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the LARIAT System to percutaneously isolate and ligate the Left Atrial Appendage from the left atrium as an adjunct to planned pulmonary vein isolation (PVI)... expand

This study is a prospective, multicenter, randomized (2:1) controlled study to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the LARIAT System to percutaneously isolate and ligate the Left Atrial Appendage from the left atrium as an adjunct to planned pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) catheter ablation in the treatment of subjects with symptomatic persistent or longstanding persistent atrial fibrillation. This study will be conducted in two stages: - Limited Early Stage (Stage 1): up to 250 subjects at up to 65 sites. (COMPLETED, transitioned to Stage 2) - Pivotal Stage/ Phase III (Stage 2): up to 600 subjects at up to 65 sites. (ENROLLING) All subjects from both stages will be included in the primary analysis.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2015

open study

An Efficacy and Safety Study of JNJ-56021927 (Apalutamide) in High-risk Prostate Cancer Subjects Receiving...
Aragon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Prostatic Neoplasms
The purpose of this study is to determine if apalutamide plus gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist in participants with high-risk, localized or locally advanced prostate cancer receiving primary radiation therapy results in an improvement of metastasis-free survival. expand

The purpose of this study is to determine if apalutamide plus gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist in participants with high-risk, localized or locally advanced prostate cancer receiving primary radiation therapy results in an improvement of metastasis-free survival.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2015

open study

Vortioxetine, 5, 10, and 20 mg, Relapse Prevention Study in Adults With Major Depressive Disorder
Takeda Major Depressive Disorder
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of vortioxetine (5, 10, and 20 mg) versus placebo during the first 28 weeks of the 32-week double-blind treatment period in the prevention of relapse in participants with major depressive disorder (MDD) who responded to acute... expand

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of vortioxetine (5, 10, and 20 mg) versus placebo during the first 28 weeks of the 32-week double-blind treatment period in the prevention of relapse in participants with major depressive disorder (MDD) who responded to acute treatment with vortioxetine 10 mg.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2015

open study

A Study of Brexpiprazole Plus Ketamine in Treatment-Resistant Depression (TRD)
Massachusetts General Hospital Depression
This is a multi-site, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the acute efficacy of brexpiprazole or placebo in combination with intranasal ketamine added to ongoing, stable, and adequate antidepressant therapy (ADT) in the treatment of adults with Major Depressive Disorder... expand

This is a multi-site, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of the acute efficacy of brexpiprazole or placebo in combination with intranasal ketamine added to ongoing, stable, and adequate antidepressant therapy (ADT) in the treatment of adults with Major Depressive Disorder with Treatment Resistant Depression.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2017

open study

Electronic Monitoring of Medication Adherence in Moderate to Severe Asthma Patients
Montefiore Medical Center Asthma
This study will evaluate the role of using electronic sensors for asthma inhaler devices in monitoring medication adherence and asthma control expand

This study will evaluate the role of using electronic sensors for asthma inhaler devices in monitoring medication adherence and asthma control

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Sep 2016

open study

Study to Compare Oral PF-06651600, PF-06700841 and Placebo in Subjects With Moderate to Severe Ulcerative...
Pfizer Ulcerative Colitis
The purpose of this study is to determine whether PF-06651600 and PF-06700841 are effective in treatment of moderate to severe ulcerative colitis. expand

The purpose of this study is to determine whether PF-06651600 and PF-06700841 are effective in treatment of moderate to severe ulcerative colitis.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Feb 2017

open study

A Study to Assess Whether Macitentan Delays Disease Progression in Children With Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension...
Actelion Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
This is a prospective, multicenter, open-label, randomized, controlled, parallel group, group-sequential, event-driven Phase 3 study to evaluate efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetics (PK) of macitentan in children. expand

This is a prospective, multicenter, open-label, randomized, controlled, parallel group, group-sequential, event-driven Phase 3 study to evaluate efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetics (PK) of macitentan in children.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2017

open study

An Efficacy and Safety Study of AG-221 (CC-90007) Versus Conventional Care Regimens in Older Subjects...
Celgene Leukemia, Myeloid Isocitrate Dehydrogenase
This is an international, multicenter, open-label, randomized, Phase 3 study comparing the efficacy and safety of AG-221 versus conventional care regimens (CCRs) in subjects 60 years or older with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) refractory to or relapsed after second- or third-line... expand

This is an international, multicenter, open-label, randomized, Phase 3 study comparing the efficacy and safety of AG-221 versus conventional care regimens (CCRs) in subjects 60 years or older with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) refractory to or relapsed after second- or third-line AML therapy and positive for an isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH2) mutation.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2015

open study

Afatinib Treatment for Patients With EGFR Mutation Positive NSCLC Who Are Age 70 or Older
Boehringer Ingelheim Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung ErbB Receptors
Continuos treatment until progression or occurence of intolerable Adverse Event (AE) or end of trial. The end of trial is one year after the last patient has entered the study. expand

Continuos treatment until progression or occurence of intolerable Adverse Event (AE) or end of trial. The end of trial is one year after the last patient has entered the study.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Aug 2015

open study

New Onset Type 1 Diabetes: Role of Exenatide
Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Inc. Type 1 Diabetes
There are many recent advances in insulin treatment of type 1 diabetes, however after a meal sugars are always a concern. There is a drug Exenatide (Byetta) which is FDA approved to treat people with type 2 diabetes which helps correct their glucoses (sugars) after meals. This... expand

There are many recent advances in insulin treatment of type 1 diabetes, however after a meal sugars are always a concern. There is a drug Exenatide (Byetta) which is FDA approved to treat people with type 2 diabetes which helps correct their glucoses (sugars) after meals. This study is going to test whether this drug can improve the after meal sugars in people with new onset type 1 diabetes. To test this you will be given a dose of exenatide (1.25 mcg) and long acting insulin or inulin alone before the boost. There is also a placebo group (healthy subjects) who do not get any medication before the boost. Insulin levels and other hormones that affect blood glucose as well as your sugar will be measured by a series of blood tests. The role exenatide as compared to insulin alone will be examined to prevent low blood sugars which might occur because of food staying longer in the stomach than usual or due to the suppression of a hormone called glucagon which increases blood sugar. If you qualify you will be given exenatide (Byetta 1.25 mcg) along with insulin or insulin alone. You and the researchers will not know which dose you are taking at any single visit. A total of 20 people in which some will be children aged 12- 18 years will participate, being diagnosed within 3 months of having been found to have type 1 diabetes.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2010

open study

Aspirin in Preventing Recurrence of Cancer in Patients With HER2 Negative Stage II-III Breast Cancer...
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology Node Positive HER2 Negative Breast Cancer
This randomized phase III trial studies how well aspirin works in preventing the cancer from coming back (recurrence) in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) breast cancer after chemotherapy, surgery, and/or radiation therapy. Aspirin is a drug that reduces... expand

This randomized phase III trial studies how well aspirin works in preventing the cancer from coming back (recurrence) in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) breast cancer after chemotherapy, surgery, and/or radiation therapy. Aspirin is a drug that reduces pain, fever, inflammation, and blood clotting. It is also being studied in cancer prevention. Giving aspirin may reduce the rate of cancer recurrence in patients with breast cancer.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Dec 2016

open study

Phase 2 Study of Ruxolitinib Versus Anagrelide in Subjects With Essential Thrombocythemia Who Are Resistant...
Incyte Corporation MPN (Myeloproliferative Neoplasms)
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ruxolitinib versus anagrelide in subjects with essential thrombocythemia who are resistant to or intolerant of hydroxyurea. expand

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ruxolitinib versus anagrelide in subjects with essential thrombocythemia who are resistant to or intolerant of hydroxyurea.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Apr 2017

open study

A Study of Pembrolizumab With Carboplatin and Gemcitabine in Patients With Metastatic Triple Negative...
Fox Chase Cancer Center Carcinoma Breast Stage IV
The main purpose of this study is to see if Pembrolizumab in combination with chemotherapy (carboplatin and gemcitabine) is safe and effective in treating patients with metastatic triple negative breast cancer. Pembrolizumab is a drug which may help the immune system to target... expand

The main purpose of this study is to see if Pembrolizumab in combination with chemotherapy (carboplatin and gemcitabine) is safe and effective in treating patients with metastatic triple negative breast cancer. Pembrolizumab is a drug which may help the immune system to target and destroy cancer cells. Pembrolizumab has been approved by the FDA for the treatment of advanced melanoma and metastatic non-small cell lung cancer. However, it has not been approved as a treatment for breast cancer.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: May 2016

open study

Safety and Pharmacology Study of Atezolizumab Alone and in Combination With Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG)...
Hoffmann-La Roche Bladder Cancer
This Phase Ib/II study is designed to assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, immunogenicity, patient reported outcomes (PROs), and preliminary anti-tumor activity of atezolizumab administered by intravenous (IV) infusion alone and in combination with intravesical... expand

This Phase Ib/II study is designed to assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, immunogenicity, patient reported outcomes (PROs), and preliminary anti-tumor activity of atezolizumab administered by intravenous (IV) infusion alone and in combination with intravesical BCG in high-risk NMIBC participants. The study will be conducted in following cohorts: Cohort 1A, Cohort 1B, Cohort 2, and Cohort 3. Atezolizumab will be administered at a fixed dose of 1200 milligrams (mg) every 3 weeks (q3w) for a maximum of 96 weeks. BCG will be administered to evaluate dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), maximum tolerated dose (MTD), or maximum administered dose (MAD). De-escalation will be allowed for up to three dose levels of BCG (full dose [50 mg], 66 percent [%] of a full dose, and 33% of a full dose [Cohort 1B only]). After the MTD or MAD is determined for Cohort 1B, this dose will be used for all subsequent participants enrolled into Cohorts 1B, 2, and 3, unless the MTD is determined to be 33% of a full BCG dose. If MTD is determined to be 33% of a full BCG dose, then, no participants will be enrolled into Cohorts 2 and 3 until an assessment of the safety and activity of the combination of atezolizumab plus 33% of a full BCG dose is completed.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jun 2016

open study

Sodium Oxybate for Treatment of Excessive Daytime Sleepiness and Cataplexy in Narcolepsy
Flamel Ireland Limited Excessive Daytime Sleepiness Cataplexy Narcolepsy
The purpose of this study is to determine whether FT218 is safe and effective for the treatment of excessive daytime sleepiness and cataplexy in subjects with narcolepsy. expand

The purpose of this study is to determine whether FT218 is safe and effective for the treatment of excessive daytime sleepiness and cataplexy in subjects with narcolepsy.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Nov 2016

open study

Intravenous Lidocaine Randomized Comparative Effectiveness Trial
Montefiore Medical Center Abdominal Pain
This is a randomized, double-blind, emergency department based, comparative effectiveness study of two medication for acute abdominal pain: intravenous lidocaine and intravenous hydromorphone. Patients will be enrolled during an emergency department visit and followed throughout... expand

This is a randomized, double-blind, emergency department based, comparative effectiveness study of two medication for acute abdominal pain: intravenous lidocaine and intravenous hydromorphone. Patients will be enrolled during an emergency department visit and followed throughout their emergency department course and then by telephone 7 days later.

Type: Interventional

Start Date: Jan 2018

open study